Merton, Robert C., and Terry A. Marsh. "Earnings Variability and Variance Bounds Tests for Rationality of Stock Market Prices." MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper Series, No. 1559-84, 1984.
Fischer, Stanley and Robert C. Merton. “Macroeconomics and Finance: The Role of the Stock Market.” In Essays on Macroeconomic Implications of Financial and Labor Markets and Political Processes. Vol. 21, edited by K. Brunner and A. H. Meltzer. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing Company, 1984.
Marsh, Terry A., and Robert C. Merton. "Aggregate Dividend Behavior and Its Implications for Tests of Stock Market Rationality." MIT Sloan School of Management Working Paper Series, No. 1475-83, 1983.
Merton, Robert C. "The Impact on Option Pricing of Specification Error in the Underlying Stock Price Returns." Journal of Finance 31, no. 2 (May 1976): 333-350.
Merton, Robert C. “On the Pricing of Corporate Debt: The Risk Structure of Interest Rates.” Journal of Finance 29, no. 2 (May 1974): 449-470. (Chapter 12 in Continuous-Time Finance.)
Merton, Robert C., and Marti G. Subrahmanyam. “The Optimality of a Competitive Stock Market.” Bell Journal of Economics and Management Science 5, no. 1 (spring 1974): 145-170
Merton, Robert C. "Analytical Optimal Control Theory as Applied to Stochastic and Non-Stochastic Economics" Ph.D. diss., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1970.